Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by your healthcare provider. Your provider acts as your first contact and principal point of continuing care within a healthcare system and coordinates other specialist care that you may need.
Telehealth is the provision of health-related information and services through electronic information and telecommunication technologies. It allows long-distance patient and clinician contact, care, advice, reminders, education, intervention, monitoring, and admissions.
Preventative healthcare deals with the prevention of illness to decrease the burden of disease and associated risk factors. Preventative measures can be applied at all stages across the lifespan and along a disease spectrum, to prevent further decline over time.
Chronic disease is a disease that persists over a long period of time (one year or more). Chronic diseases include arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes, epilepsy and seizures, obesity, and oral health problems.
Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. When symptoms occur, they can include early morning headaches, nosebleeds, irregular heart rhythms, vision changes, and buzzing in the ears. Severe hypertension can cause fatigue, nausea, vomiting, confusion, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood, which can eventually lead to damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.
Asthma is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes the airways in the lungs to become inflamed and narrowed at times, and produce extra mucus. For some people, asthma can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities and may lead to a life-threatening asthma attack.
A laboratory (lab) test is a procedure in which a health care provider takes a sample of your blood, urine, other bodily fluid, or body tissue to get information about your health. Lab tests are used to help diagnose, screen, or monitor a specific disease or condition.
Weight management is the process of adopting long-term lifestyle modifications to maintain a healthy body weight on the basis of a person's age, sex, and height. Methods of weight management include eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity levels.
A Department of Transportation (DOT) physical is a health examination mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) for commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers. A DOT physical helps determine if a driver is physically, mentally, and emotionally fit to operate a CMV.
As a test of whether you fall into a health-related ground of inadmissibility, any application for U.S. permanent residency or for a fiancé visa must include a medical exam by a doctor approved by the U.S. consulate or U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.